Earth • Solar flare • Sun • Geomagnetic storm

A mission to launch a solar neutrino detector near the sun:

Astronomers have very few tools at their disposal for looking deep within the sun. We can perceive the world entirely differently because of the continual stream of neutrinos that are released as the sun's core continuously fuses hydrogen and helium. Neutrinos, a type of nanoparticle, rarely interact with matter.

Giant detectors on Earth are created where the majority of neutrinos are detected. By harnessing these neutrinos, it has been achievable to test the limits of known physics and learn more about the nuclear processes occurring inside the sun.

Our observatories on Earth are inherently constrained because of how far away from the sun we are. Could we create a neutrino observatory in orbit?

The objective of a concept mission was put out by a group of astronomers. The key advantage of orbiting a neutrino observatory is the ability to watch the sun directly. Then we'd have to fly the observatory at the very same altitude as the Parker Solar Probe, it would receive over a thousand times quite so many neutrinos as the equivalent detector on Earth. That number might rise by more than 10,000 times in areas that are even closer to the sun.

 The spaceship wouldn't even have to get close to the sun to utilize everything that space has to offer. The gravity of the sun distorts the path of light, which eventually converges at a focus point hundreds of AU away. Despite having a focal point that is only 20 to 40 AU from the sun, neutrinos' trajectories also curve around the sun because of their mass. By constructing a neutrino observatory there, astronomers might investigate the sources of neutrinos coming from the galactic center and beyond by using the sun as a magnifying glass.

The disadvantage is that a neutrino observatory in orbit would require robust shielding to block out cosmic rays and other high-energy particles that could be mistaken for neutrinos.

BUT, this is just a concept.

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